Bluebook training for paralegals

EditrixLex’s innovative presentations are the most effective way to train paralegals in practitioner-style Bluebooking.


In today’s super-competitive legal marketplace, there’s no room for error. Clients expect every document you produce to be polished and error-free. Judges may lose confidence in the substance of your arguments if your briefs are laden with minor mistakes of style.

A small investment in EditrixLex training for paralegals will pay for itself immediately in your firm’s increased realization rate. No more write-downs because your experienced attorneys had to log hours Bluebooking and cite checking briefs or client memorandums.

In less than a day, EditrixLex’s three-part presentation, with its innovative narrative approach, color-coded templates, and deconstruction of Bluebook rules into easy-to-grasp diagrams and tables, will teach your paralegals practitioner-style Bluebooking quickly, thoroughly, and painlessly. Tips, tricks, and hacks provide additional tools to find quick solutions to thorny Bluebooking problems.

And EditrixLex goes beyond just Bluebooking. The section on citing the documents of the case you’re ina topic that’s barely touched on in the Bluebookalso includes mini-lessons on pretrial civil procedure litigation documents and electronic case filing.

Quizzes with immediate feedback take advantage of the latest cognitive research, which show that retrieving information from memory helps adult learners retain more of what they’ve just been taught.

EditrixLex’s three-part presentation covers virtually every situation that’s likely to come up in a brief or client memorandum. As a takeaway, participants receive a PDF containing over 250 slides from the presentationan invaluable resource that they will turn to again and again.


EditrixLex’s unique system of color coding identifies the elements of a citation and relates each element to similar elements in citations to other sources. 

Color coding also distinguishes punctuation that belongs to one of the citation elements from punctuation that belongs to the citation sentence or clause.

A Bluebook key tells you precisely where to find the rules that apply to the subject of each slide.


Shows when, how, and why practicing lawyers depart from the Bluebook’s more rigid and academic-oriented rules.

Reveals time-saving tips, tricks, and hacks that help make cite checking faster and more accurate.

Converts complex Bluebook descriptions into easy-to-grasp tables.   


As appropriate, provides memorable examples and illustrations.  

Both reduces and expands on rules that are not fully explained in the Bluebook.

Includes relevant copyediting rules from the Chicago Manual of Style for situations that are not included in the Bluebook.


Part one

  • The Bluebook

  • Primary & secondary authorities (table)

  • The U.S. court system (diagram)

  • U.S. District Courts (map)

  • District Courts of New York State (map)

  • District Courts of New York City (map)

  • Circuit Courts of Appeal (map)

  • The Second Circuit (map)

  • Reporters

  • Elements of a case citation (template)

  • The case location (template)

  • Finding cases in Westlaw or Lexis

  • Forming citations from case captions

  • Parallel citations

  • Using the Table of U.S. Jurisdictions

  • Federal reporters (table)

  • “Unpublished” opinions

  • “Pulling” cases

  • Rules for spaces in abbreviations of reporters (table)

  • Quiz: Abbreviating reporters

  • Ordinal indicators

  • How to remove superscripts in Word

  • Pincites

  • Star pagination

  • How to cite footnotes

  • Rules for inclusive numbers (table)

  • Elements of an electronic case citation (template)

  • Styling docket numbers

  • Finding Westlaw cases in Lexis & vice versa

  • Using Google Scholar

  • Cases temporarily in electronic form

  • Abbreviations used in forming the names of District Courts (table)

  • Abbreviations used in forming the names of Circuit Courts (table)

  • Quiz: Abbreviating court names

  • “Translating” Bluebook examples & rules from academic to practitioner style

  • Finding local court rules of federal courts

  • Using the Table of Jurisdiction-Specific Citation Rules

  • Reducing case names for citations

  • Nonadversarial cases

  • Bankruptcy cases

  • Quiz: Reducing case names for citations

  • Abbreviating case names for citations

  • The geographical-entity exception (table)

  • Using the Table of Case Name Abbreviations

  • Acronyms & initialisms

  • Quiz: Abbreviating case names for citations

  • Subsequent references to cases

  • Elements of a short-form case citation (template)

  • Common litigants

  • Shorthand identifiers

  • Using the ABA’s full-text law review search to verify complex citations

Part two

  • Citation sentences & clauses

  • Embedded citations

  • Rules for abbreviating case names in text (table)

  • Quiz: Case names in text

  • Signals (table)

  • Appending e.g. to other signals (table)

  • Distinguishing signals from verbs

  • String citations

  • Subsequent history

  • Finding history in Westlaw

  • Cases with red flags

  • Using Westlaw’s Copy with Reference feature to verify history

  • Parentheticals (table)

  • Weight of authority

  • Styling explanatory parentheticals

  • Quotation marks with other punctuation

  • Nesting parentheses

  • Quiz: Quotation marks with other punctuation

  • Checking quoted text

  • Using Track Changes & Comments in Word

  • Indicating alterations to quoted text (table)

  • When & how to use brackets

  • When & how to use ellipses

  • Ellipses with other punctuation

  • Quiz: Ellipses & brackets

  • Quoting or citing another source

  • Parentheticals indicating alterations to or omissions from quoted text

  • Order of parentheticals

  • Elimination of “internal quotation marks omitted” parenthetical from the 20th edition

  • Block quotes

  • Mistakes in the original

  • Permissible “silent” changes to quoted text

  • State courts

  • Using the state entries in the Table of U.S. Jurisdictions

  • West’s regional reporters (table)

  • Finding local rules of state courts

  • Elements of a public domain citation (template)

  • The New York State court system (diagram)

  • Departments of New York State (map)

  • Departments of New York City (map)

  • New York reporters (table)

  • Citing New York cases in New York courts

Part three

  • The United States Code

  • Elements of a citation to the U.S. Code (template)

  • Including the “popular” name of an act in a citation to the U.S. Code

  • Citing a statute as part of an act

  • Spelling out “section” in text

  • Subsequent references to the U.S. Code

  • Citing multiple sections & subsections (chart)

  • Citing rules of practice & procedure

  • How to cite state statutes

  • How to cite New York statutes

  • Constitutions

  • How to cite the U.S. Constitution

  • Spelling out references to the U.S. Constitution in text

  • How to cite state constitutions

  • How to cite books

  • Elements of a complex book citation (template)

  • Rules for headline-style capitalization (table)

  • Punctuating titles

  • Quiz: Styling titles

  • Elements of a citation to a shorter work in a collection (template)

  • Citing restatements of law & volumes of American Jurisprudence

  • Subsequent references to books

  • How to cite law reviews

  • Elements of a law review citation (template)

  • Rules for spaces in abbreviations of periodicals (table)

  • How to cite newspapers & magazines

  • Elements of a print newspaper citation (template)

  • Elements of an online newspaper citation (template)

  • Elimination of “available at” parenthetical from the 20th edition

  • Elements of a print magazine citation (template)

  • How to cite websites

  • How to cite blogs

  • Where & how to break URLs

  • How to remove hyperlinks in Word

  • Types of litigation & court documents (table)

  • How to cite litigation & court documents

  • Using a document’s docket entry to help determine its name

  • Electronic case filing

  • Abbreviating & reducing the names of litigation & court documents

  • Pincites to deposition & hearing transcripts

  • Using docket entry numbers to help distinguish documents

  • Subsequent references to litigation & court documents

  • Addition of id. for subsequent references to litigation documents in the 19th edition

  • Citing the record on appeal

  • Spelling out names of litigation & court documents in text